Podcasts de historia

Chris Zacharia

Chris Zacharia


Zecharia Sitchin

Zecharia Sitchin (11 de julio de 1920 - 9 de octubre de 2010) [1] fue autor de libros que proponían una explicación de los orígenes humanos que involucraban a antiguos astronautas. Sitchin atribuyó la creación de la antigua cultura sumeria a la Anunnaki, que dijo que era una raza de extraterrestres de un planeta más allá de Neptuno llamado Nibiru. Afirmó que la mitología sumeria sugiere que este hipotético planeta de Nibiru se encuentra en una órbita elíptica alargada de 3.600 años alrededor del sol. Los libros de Sitchin han vendido millones de copias en todo el mundo y se han traducido a más de 25 idiomas.

Las ideas de Sitchin han sido rechazadas por científicos y académicos, que descartan su trabajo como pseudociencia y pseudohistoria. Su trabajo ha sido criticado por una metodología defectuosa y malas traducciones de textos antiguos, así como por afirmaciones astronómicas y científicas incorrectas. [2]


Dr. Chris Zacharia

El Dr. Chris Zacharia es un psicólogo educativo registrado en HCPC y miembro asociado de la Sociedad Británica de Psicología con más de veinte años de experiencia. Ha trabajado extensamente con niños y jóvenes y fue fundamental en la introducción de programas estructurados de alfabetización, Terapia de Aceptación y Compromiso (ACT), Terapia Breve Centrada en Soluciones, PNL y Coaching en las escuelas. Chris ha contribuido a una serie de estudios de investigación y publicaciones, incluido Supporting Young People through Grief and Loss y un capítulo en el libro Coaching in Education.

Chris Zacharia es un psicólogo establecido, especialista en dislexia y TDAH, psicoterapeuta, practicante de CBT, ACT y SFBT, practicante maestro de PNL y entrenador certificado de PNL.

Áreas de interés

El Dr. Zacharia es un especialista en la evaluación de dificultades específicas de aprendizaje que incluyen:

. Dislexia
. Dispraxia
. Disgrafia
. Discalculia
. AGREGAR / HD
. Fundamentos emocionales de las dificultades de aprendizaje

Ha apoyado a varias organizaciones, incluidas LEA, universidades y otras empresas de alto perfil en Londres. Es un individuo buscado debido a su enfoque profesional y cálido.


Chris Zacharia

El Dr. Chris Zacharia es miembro asociado de la Sociedad Británica de Psicología y psicólogo en ejercicio con más de veinte años de experiencia. Ha trabajado extensamente con adultos, niños y jóvenes y fue fundamental en la introducción de la Terapia de Aceptación y Compromiso (ACT), PNL y Coaching en las escuelas. Chris ha contribuido a varias publicaciones, incluido el reciente libro Coaching in Education.

Chris Zacharia es un psicólogo, psicoterapeuta, practicante de CBT y ACT, Master Practitioner de PNL y entrenador certificado de PNL, Time Line Therapy ™, Hipnosis, Coaching y Dynamic Spin Release ™.

El Dr. Zacharia también es especialista en la evaluación de dificultades específicas de aprendizaje que incluyen:

. Dislexia
. Dispraxia
. Disgrafia
. Discalculia
. Proyecciones para ADD / HD
. Fundamentos emocionales de las dificultades de aprendizaje

Ha apoyado a varias organizaciones, incluidas LEA, universidades y otras empresas de alto perfil en Londres. Es un individuo buscado debido a su enfoque profesional y cálido.

Certificaciones

Practicante de PNL

Maestro practicante de PNL

Entrenador de PNL

Entrenado por Tad y Adriana James

Entrenador de PNL

Habilidades especializadas

  • Sesiones innovadoras
  • Coaching empresarial
  • Estrategias de gestión del cambio
  • Fomento de la confianza
  • Dislexia
  • Trastornos de la alimentación
  • Salud y Bienestar
  • Creencias limitantes
  • Estrategias de memoria
  • Motivación
  • Fobias
  • Habilidades de presentación
  • Relaciones
  • Ventas
  • Rendimiento deportivo
  • Manejo del estrés
  • Team Building

Formación ofrecida

  • Introductorio
  • Diploma
  • Facultativo
  • Practicante maestro
  • Talleres especializados

Reconocido / regulado por

Aún no he publicado ningún estudio de caso. Por favor, vuelva más tarde.

Todavía no he publicado ningún curso / taller. Por favor, vuelva más tarde.

Una revisión de Martin Smithes

Me quedé realmente impresionado con la entrega y el material utilizado durante el curso de PNL de Chris. Ya estoy viendo resultados positivos en mi vida personal y profesional y la PNL y las habilidades adicionales que enseña Chris son de gran alcance y prácticas. Son beneficiosos para mis clientes y para la práctica terapéutica.


La última novela de Paul Zacharia, Una historia secreta de la compasión, está inmersa en una gran parodia y, sin embargo, anclada en algunas de las verdades vitales de nuestro tiempo: la erosión de la ideología, el colapso de las instituciones, la forma en que el vocabulario de la justicia social se ha convertido en un arma. .

Hacia el comienzo de la novela de Paul Zacharia Una historia secreta de compasión (después de cientos de cuentos, su primera novela, así como su primer libro escrito en inglés), conocemos a Lord Spider, autor de ficción de género más vendido, mientras lucha por hacer la transición a la no ficción. Después de 20 años de calderas, Spider está ansioso por ampliar sus horizontes. Para aliviar el "cambio de paradigma de la ficción a la no ficción", le dice a su esposa Rosi que deberían "hacer el amor esta noche de tal manera que obligue al universo a forzar en mi vida un punto de inflexión, un cambio importante hacia la no ficción". -ficción". Rosi no está de acuerdo y responde con una teoría que asusta a su marido.

“Además”, concluyó, “hacer el amor es esencialmente ficción. Así que al plantear hacer el amor como un punto de inflexión hacia la no ficción, estás ladrando al árbol equivocado por completo ".

Spider estaba tan sorprendido que no pudo respirar durante unos segundos. ¡Hacer el amor es ficción!

No tenía datos estadísticos comparativos para evaluar sus cifras de relaciones sexuales, pero pensaba que, a su manera, había hecho una contribución creíble al gran ciclo del nacimiento, la cópula y la muerte. Entonces, ¿era todo ficción? Estaba destrozado. ¿Era, se preguntó con tristeza, al menos ficción para adultos?

Este pasaje es representativo del tono y el tenor de Una historia secreta de compasión, una novela inmersa en una gran parodia y, sin embargo, anclada en algunas de las verdades vitales de nuestro tiempo: la erosión de la ideología, el colapso de las instituciones, la forma en que se ha armado el vocabulario de la justicia social, etc. Para pasar a la no ficción, por así decirlo, Spider decide aceptar un encargo del Partido Comunista: un ensayo sobre la compasión. Allí comienza una loca secuencia de eventos que cambia para siempre la visión de Spider sobre la vida y la literatura, gracias a su nuevo colaborador Jesús Lambodar Pillai: verdugo profesional, cambiaformas habitual, voyeur experto y aspirante a escritor. Incluso cuando Pillai ayuda a Spider a escribir no ficción, la vida de Spider comienza a parecerse a una de sus propias novelas tramadas escandalosamente, con un doppelganger de Gandhi, un perro que puede ser o no un agente de Satanás, un Stalin aparentemente reencarnado y el propio Dios.

Empujando los limites

Hablando en el lanzamiento de la novela en Delhi, Zacharia dijo: “Intenté escribir esta novela en malayalam hace más de una década, dos o tres capítulos. Y luego se me ocurrió la idea de que debería intentar escribirlo en inglés ". Zacharia, por supuesto, es uno de los escritores malayalam vivos más aclamados, autor de más de 30 libros de cuentos, novelas y colecciones de ensayos, aunque hasta ahora solo tres de ellos han sido traducidos al inglés.

Paul Zacharia. Wikimedia Commons

“Soy un adorador de las formas de ficción dadas”, dijo el autor, “ya ​​sea el arte de la novela o el arte del cuento. Me han nutrido, pero al mismo tiempo también me gustaría estar en desacuerdo con los formularios dados, especialmente la forma en que se han utilizado en la India, tanto en inglés como en malayalam. No me interesaba escribir una novela sobre las clases medias, sobre sus conflictos matrimoniales. Yo mismo soy un hombre de clase media, solo creo que esta es un área terminada en lo que respecta a la ficción. Así que me esforcé por dedicarme a la narración pura, el tipo de ficción en la que puede suceder cualquier cosa ".

Tiempo Una historia secreta de compasión De hecho, tiene muchos giros argumentales deus ex machina, otra forma en la que empuja los límites es su compromiso con (y crítica de) los discursos dialécticos, es decir, evaluar una situación considerando fuerzas opuestas. Esto es evidente a lo largo de la novela: cada vez que Spider o Pillai encuentran un obstáculo teórico mientras escriben el ensayo de Compassion, simplemente cambian las definiciones de conceptos o entidades según su conveniencia. El comunismo queda en deuda con las fuerzas del mercado, Death se somete a un ejercicio de marca para "mejorar su imagen", y una ex actriz se describe a sí misma como la ganadora de una "Mención Nacional por el Objeto Sexual Más Hogareño".

Al explicar este fenómeno, Zacharia dijo: “Creo que ese es el escritor y el no escritor en mí, en la conversación, especialmente dado el mundo en el que vivimos hoy, donde hay suposiciones y conceptos erróneos sobre todo. Como el patriotismo, por ejemplo, la forma en que se habla de esa palabra, la forma en que se utiliza con fines políticos. Hay tanta gente hoy que quiere que seas un tipo particular de patriota. Entonces, sin parecer cuestionar o debatir conceptos seriamente, Spider y Pillai están tratando de cambiar sus ideas de patriotismo, amor y compasión, y tantas otras cosas que hemos dado por sentado ”.

Es apropiado que el ensayo que Spider y Pillai terminan escribiendo comience pidiendo al lector que cambie la definición misma de compasión, para que sea más compatible con los valores económicos y políticos del mundo contemporáneo.

La mano izquierda de la oscuridad

Debido a que el ensayo en el que está trabajando Spider ha sido encargado por el Partido Comunista, Una historia secreta de compasiónEl compromiso con la izquierda es sincero, matizado, a veces mordaz y a menudo hilarante, como el hecho de que el ensayo es para un evento destinado a "recaudar fondos para el hogar de viejos camaradas". Zacharia habló extensamente sobre su relación con la izquierda.

“Crecí como una persona de izquierda. El primer gobierno comunista electo del mundo llegó a Kerala en 1957. Todos éramos muy jóvenes. La izquierda llenó el aire con nuevas ideas fantásticas, con poesía, con canciones, de esas que nunca habíamos experimentado en nuestras vidas. Fue un Renacimiento extraordinario. No creo que haya sucedido nada parecido bajo un partido comunista en ningún lugar del mundo. Involucró a muchos artistas, a muchos jóvenes, y así fue como la izquierda llegó al poder en Kerala, básicamente en las alas de una revolución cultural ".

La portada de A Secret History of Compassion

Por supuesto, la otra cara no estaba demasiado lejos. “Pensamos que el Partido Comunista seguiría siendo el proyecto soñado con el que comenzó. Sin embargo, cuando los comunistas llegaron al poder, empezaron a parecerse a cualquier otro partido político de la India. Y uno a uno, artistas, cineastas, personas muy importantes en sus campos, comenzaron a abandonar el Partido. Porque les decían: "Todo lo que escribas, dibujes o filmes tiene que coincidir con la línea del partido". Pronto, el Partido se convirtió en un grupo de profesionales sin corazón y sin sentido que se reunían cada cinco años para formar el gobierno ".

Sin embargo, Zacharia tenía una salvedad que añadir. “Esto no significa que nunca pueda renunciar a mis ideales de izquierda. Pero ese es un asunto diferente a ser miembro del Partido Comunista ".

Su cruz para llevar

El hecho de que el nombre de pila de Pillai sea Jesús (afirma que su padre conoció a Jesucristo en persona) no es una coincidencia, se siente: las obras anteriores de Zacharia también han mostrado un profundo compromiso con la historia de Cristo. En su cuento corto Hasta que veas el espejo, parte de la colección Los reflejos de una gallina en su última hora (Penguin, 1999, traducido por AJ Thomas y el autor), un joven Jesús experimenta un momento de miedo, duda y finalmente, desesperación existencial cuando mira fijamente su propio reflejo en un gran espejo. En la novela ¿Qué noticias, Pilato? (parte del libro Katha de 2001 Dos novelas, traducido por Gita Krishankutty), nos encontramos con un anciano Poncio Pilato, el prefecto romano que ordenó la crucifixión de Cristo, un administrador bien intencionado pero claramente desorientado. A través de una carta que está redactando y las sinceras observaciones de su secretario judío, Zacharia critica a Jesús (al que se hace referencia aquí como Yeshu), aunque con gentileza.

“Pilato, ¿te diré el mayor fracaso de Yeshu, a quien no entendiste? Fue que no nos abrió todas las puertas de su mundo a las mujeres y nos invitó a entrar. Perdió su tiempo con esos burros, a los que llamó discípulos (…) ¿Quién puede proteger el alma de un hombre como lo hace una madre, una esposa, un amante o una hermana? ¡Si tan sólo se hubiera aferrado a su madre en el tumulto de buscar a su padre!

Esta es la firma de Zacharia: hablar afectuosamente de algo o alguien y recortarlos enfáticamente en el mismo pasaje. Es, en última instancia, la mayor fortaleza de Una historia secreta de compasión, una novela de ideas que nunca deja que su ritmo se detenga ni que sus personajes se duerman en los laureles. Nadie está por encima de la crítica y todo el mundo está en la línea de fuego, como suele ocurrir con los grandes satíricos. Y en cuanto a la compasión, bueno, solo pruebe la dirección que toman Pillai / Spider, alrededor de la mitad de la novela (con muchos giros y vueltas por delante).

“¿Es posible, entonces podemos preguntarnos, que los establecimientos de Compasión organizados más eficientemente en el mundo sean nuestros ejércitos, armadas, fuerzas aéreas, servicios secretos, terroristas, dictadores, fundamentalistas religiosos y controladores de botones nucleares? Quizás los hemos estado confundiendo con aniquiladores, mientras que ellos solo aniquilan el Dolor en su raíz poniendo fin a la Vida. La vida está en el fondo de todos los problemas. Elimínelo y llegamos a un universo modelo de fosas comunes donde la compasión es un pájaro negro que vuela en la noche, cantando la libertad ”.

Como las mejores parodias, este pasaje es a la vez hilarante y aterrador, y es una combinación muy, muy difícil de romper. Tomó mucho tiempo, pero la primera novela de Paul Zacharia bien vale la pena la espera.


Christopher Zacharia Metcalf Búsqueda de registros penales y de arresto

Informacion personal

Primer nombre Christopher Zacharia

Apellido Metcalf

Género Masculino

Información de arresto

Estado de arresto Kentucky

Arrest County & mdash

Arrest City & mdash

Información de apariencia

Altura 169

Color de pelo BLK

Color de los ojos HERMANO

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Presidente George W. BushPresidente George H. W. Bush → Prescott Bush → Flora Sheldon → Mary Butler → Courtland Butler → Samuel Butler → Sarah Herrick → Silence Kingsley → Samuel Kingsley → Mary Washburn → Elizabeth Mitchell → Jane Cooke → FRANCIS COOKE

Presidente George W. BushPresidente George H. W. Bush → Prescott Bush → Flora Sheldon → Mary Butler → Elizabeth Pierce → Betsy Wheeler → Sarah Horton → Joanna Wood → Jabez Wood → Hannah Nelson → Hope Huckins → Hope Chipman → Hope Howland → JOHN HOWLAND

Presidente George W. BushPrimera Dama Barbara (Pierce) Bush → Marvin Pierce → Scott Pierce → Jonas Pierce → Chloe Holbrook → John Holbrook → John Holbrook → Zilpha Thayer → Mary Samson → Stephen Samson → HENRY SAMSON

Alan B. Shepard, Jr. → Alan B. Shepard → Frederick Shepard → Rosina Johnson → Abner Johnson → Anna Delano → Silvanus Delano → Jonathan Delano → Mercy Warren → Nathaniel Warren → RICHARD WARREN

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Richard Gere → Homer Gere → Albert Gere → George Gere → Sarah Tewksbury → Lucina Fuller → Considere Fuller → Maria Ryder → Mary Sylvester → Hannah Bartlett → Joseph Bartlett → Mary Warren → RICHARD WARREN

Christopher Reeve → Barbara Lamb → Horace Lamb → Burt Lamb → Charles Lamb → Ebenezer Lamb → Jerusha Ripley → Ebenezer Ripley → Joshua Ripley → Hannah Bradford → William Bradford → WILLIAM BRADFORD

Sarah Palin → Charles Heath → Stephen Samson → Elizabeth Samson → Micah Thayer → Rhoda Thayer → Rhoda Damon → Thomas Ruddock → May Ruddock → Nellie Brandt → HENRY SAMSON

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El ascenso y la caída del anticristo

La Biblia enseña que en los últimos tiempos, justo antes del regreso de Jesús, el líder político más grande de la historia de la humanidad emergerá de Europa. Después de tomar el control de esa zona mediante la astucia diplomática y el engaño, lanzará una campaña militar que resultará en la adquisición de & # 8220 autoridad sobre cada tribu, pueblo, lengua y nación & # 8221 (Apocalipsis 13: 7). Su imperio será el más extenso de toda la historia, abarcando el mundo entero, y su gobierno será el más demoníaco que el mundo haya experimentado.

Comenzará su ascenso al poder como un líder dinámico, carismático, perspicaz y visionario que asombrará al mundo con la inteligencia de sus soluciones a los problemas mundiales. Aparecerá como el salvador del mundo. Pero a medida que consolide su poder, se revelará su verdadera naturaleza. Emergerá como una persona poseída y empoderada por Satanás que odia a Dios y está decidido a aniquilar tanto el cristianismo como el judaísmo. Por esta razón, se le identifica en las Escrituras como el Anticristo (1 Juan 2:18), porque se opondrá a Dios y a Su ungido, Jesucristo.

Su origen

¿De dónde vendrá esta siniestra persona? Algunos han especulado que saldrá de Siria ya que uno de sus tipos proféticos en la historia & # 8212 Antiochus Epiphanes (215-164 BC) & # 8212 era un tirano sirio. Pero Antíoco era en realidad de herencia griega. ¿Podría, por tanto, ser griego? No es probable.

Es mucho más probable que surja del corazón del antiguo Imperio Romano y que sea de ascendencia italiana. Esta conclusión se basa en una declaración de Daniel 9:26. En ese pasaje se hace referencia al Anticristo como & # 8220 el príncipe que ha de venir & # 8221 y se le identifica como perteneciente a la gente que & # 8220 destruirá la ciudad y el santuario & # 8221.

Sabemos por la historia que tanto Jerusalén como el templo judío fueron destruidos por los romanos en el año 70 d.C. Por lo tanto, según Daniel, el Anticristo debe ser de herencia romana.

¿Será judío? Muchos asumen que lo será porque Jesús dijo: & # 8220He venido en el nombre de Mi Padre & # 8217, y no me recibirán si otro viene en su propio nombre, lo recibirán & # 8221 (Juan 5:43). Basándose en esta declaración, la gente pregunta: & # 8220 ¿Cómo es posible que los judíos recibieran a un gentil como su Mesías? & # 8221

Pero la Biblia no enseña que los judíos recibirán al Anticristo como su Mesías. Enseña que lo aceptarán como un gran líder político y diplomático y que depositarán su confianza en él como garante de la paz en Oriente Medio.

Pero en el momento en que se revela a sí mismo como el Anticristo al profanar el Templo reconstruido de los judíos y blasfemar contra Dios, el pueblo judío se rebelará. Lo rechazarán como Mesías, y él responderá con furia intentando aniquilarlos.

El Anticristo no tiene por qué ser judío. Y, de hecho, la Biblia deja en claro que será un gentil. En Apocalipsis 13: 1 se le presenta como una & # 8220 bestia que sube del mar & # 8221. El mar se usa constantemente a lo largo de las escrituras proféticas como símbolo de las naciones gentiles (Daniel 7: 3, Lucas 21:25 y Apocalipsis 17: 1).

Por el contrario, la mano derecha del Anticristo, el Falso Profeta, que servirá como su líder religioso, será judío. Esto se revela en Apocalipsis 13:11 donde dice que Juan vio & # 8220 otra bestia que subía de la tierra [literalmente, la tierra]. & # 8221 Así como el mar se usa simbólicamente en la profecía para referirse a las naciones gentiles, la tierra (o tierra) se usa para referirse a Israel. Esto no significa que el Falso Profeta sea un judío ortodoxo. Solo significa que será de herencia judía. Religiosamente, será un judío apóstata que encabezará la Religión Mundial Única del Anticristo.

Hay otra cuestión relacionada con el origen del Anticristo que debemos considerar. Muchos argumentan que será una persona resucitada de entre los muertos & # 8212 muy probablemente Nerón o Judas Iscariote. Esta suposición se basa en una declaración en Apocalipsis 13: 1-3 donde Juan describe al Anticristo como una bestia con siete cabezas. Luego hace la observación de que una de sus cabezas apareció & # 8220 como si hubiera sido asesinada, y su herida fatal fue sanada. & # 8221 Comenta que & # 8220 toda la tierra estaba asombrada & # 8221 por esto y por lo tanto & # 8220 siguió después la bestia & # 8221 (Apocalipsis 13: 3).

El problema con esta interpretación es que & # 8220la herida fatal & # 8221 a la que se hace referencia en el pasaje no tiene nada que ver con la persona del Anticristo. Las siete cabezas representan siete imperios gentiles, a saber, Egipto, Asiria, Babilonia, Medo-Persia, Grecia, Roma y el imperio final del Anticristo. La cabeza con la herida fatal que ha sido curada es el Imperio Romano. Sabemos esto por el libro de Daniel donde se profetiza que el Imperio Romano será el último de los imperios gentiles hasta el fin de los tiempos cuando el imperio del Anticristo emergerá de una Europa reunificada & # 8212, es decir, de un renacimiento de el antiguo Imperio Romano (Daniel 2: 31-45 y 7: 1-8, 24-28).

Las profecías de Daniel han demostrado ser absolutamente precisas. El Imperio Romano fue el último de los imperios gentiles. Se desintegró en el sistema de estado-nación que ha prevalecido hasta el día de hoy. Ha habido numerosos intentos militares de resucitar el Imperio Romano, sobre todo por parte de Napoleón y Hitler. Hoy, el núcleo del Imperio se está fusionando ante nuestros ojos a través de medios diplomáticos, produciendo una Europa unida que servirá como base para el surgimiento del Anticristo.

Otro pasaje que se usa para justificar la idea de que el Anticristo es una persona resucitada es Zacarías 11:17 & # 8212 & # 8220 ¡Ay del pastor inútil que deja el rebaño! ¡Una espada estará en su brazo y en su ojo derecho! Su brazo estará totalmente seco y su ojo derecho estará ciego. & # 8221

Se argumenta que este pasaje indica que el Anticristo será una persona que ha sufrido una herida fatal. Ahora, no hay duda de que este pasaje se refiere al Anticristo, pero creo que se refiere a su destino más que a su origen. Usando un lenguaje simbólico, me parece que el profeta está diciendo que el juicio divino (la espada) caerá sobre el poder del Anticristo (su brazo) y su inteligencia (su ojo), y que sufrirá una derrota completa (el marchitamiento de su brazo y la ceguera de su ojo).

La idea de que el Anticristo será una persona resucitada plantea un serio problema teológico con respecto al poder de Satanás. Las Escrituras dejan en claro que el Anticristo será el hombre de Satanás, empoderado por él y poseído por él. Pero no hay ninguna indicación en las Escrituras de que Satanás tenga el poder de dar vida a nadie. Satanás no es omnipotente. Jesús es el que tiene & # 8220las llaves de la muerte y del Hades & # 8221 (Apocalipsis 1:18).

Una de las preguntas más frecuentes es si el Anticristo está vivo hoy o no. Creo que lo es, y lo creo por dos razones. Primero, creo que las Escrituras enseñan que la generación que ve el restablecimiento de Israel (14 de mayo de 1948) vivirá para ver cumplidas todas las profecías del tiempo del fin (Mateo 24: 32-34). En segundo lugar, creo que las señales de los tiempos indican claramente que estamos en el umbral de la Tribulación, siendo la más importante de esas señales la reunión de los judíos en su tierra (Isaías 11: 10-12) y su reocupación. de la ciudad de Jerusalén (Lucas 21:24).

Si el Anticristo está vivo hoy, ¿sabe quién es? Yo creo que no. No creo que tenga la más remota idea del papel que Satanás tiene en mente para él. No se convertirá en el Anticristo hasta que Satanás lo posea y le dé poder para engañar a Europa y a los judíos. Su revelación completa no ocurrirá hasta que entre al Templo reconstruido en Jerusalén en medio de la Tribulación y se declare dios.

Pero nos estamos adelantando a nuestra historia. Consideremos su carácter antes de echar un vistazo a su carrera.

Su personaje

La Biblia es muy específica sobre el carácter del Anticristo, y el cuadro que pinta es repugnante. La información más detallada se puede encontrar en el libro de Daniel. Considere la tabla a continuación:

Una y otra vez se le da énfasis a la boca del Anticristo. Se jactará de sí mismo sin parar (Daniel 7: 8). Él & # 8220 hablará cosas monstruosas contra el Dios de los dioses & # 8221 (Daniel 11:36). Le será & # 8220 una boca que diga palabras arrogantes y blasfemias & # 8221 (Apocalipsis 13: 5). En primer lugar, será un fanfarrón y un blasfemo.

Tendrá una voluntad fuerte e imprudente en su determinación de salirse con la suya. Mostrará desprecio por las tradiciones humanas y, por supuesto, cambiará incluso el calendario para que ya no esté relacionado con el nacimiento de Jesús (Daniel 7:25).

Another point that is emphasized repeatedly is that the Antichrist will be possessed by Satan, just as Judas was (Luke 22:3). Daniel says his power will be mighty, “but not by his own power” (Daniel 8:24). Paul says his coming will be “in accord with the activity of Satan, with all power and signs and false wonders” (2 Thessalonians 2:9). John says that Satan will give his power and authority to the Antichrist (Revelation 13:2).

Because he will be demonized, he will be a man who cannot be trusted. Psalm 52:2 says he will be a “worker of deceit.” Psalm 55:21 says his speech will be “smoother than butter” but his heart will be filled with war. Psalm 5:6 calls him “a man of bloodshed and deceit.” In Psalm 43:1 he is referred to as a “deceitful and unjust man.”

Daniel indicates that he will be a sexual pervert, most likely a homosexual. As Daniel puts it, the Antichrist will show no regard “for the desire of women” (Daniel 11:37).

The overall picture is that of an ego-maniac who abhors God and exploits people for his own purposes. He is deceptive and ruthless. He is a man devoid of integrity. This is probably the reason that when Jesus returns, John characterizes Him as the “Faithful and True” One (Revelation 19:11), in contrast to the Antichrist who has been both unfaithful and untrue.

The lack of character that will be displayed by the Antichrist is perhaps best summed up in some of the names given to him in the Scriptures:

  • The Beast (Revelation 13:1)
  • The Man of Lawlessness (2 Thessalonians 2:3)
  • The Son of Destruction (2 Thessalonians 2:3)
  • The Despicable Person (Daniel 11:21)
  • The Willful King (Daniel 11:36)
  • The Worthless Shepherd (Zechariah 11:17)
  • The Insolent King (Daniel 8:23)
  • The Abomination (Matthew 24:15)

His Career

The Rapture of the Church is the event that will launch the career of the Antichrist. This is revealed in 2 Thessalonians 2 where Paul states that the Antichrist cannot be revealed until “he who now restrains” him is “taken out of the way” (verse 7). The restrainer of evil in the world today is obviously the Holy Spirit, and the Spirit performs that task by working through the Church.

It is the Church that will be “taken out of the way,” not the Holy Spirit. We know this for certain because the book of Revelation teaches that a great multitude will be saved during the Tribulation (Revelation 7:9-14), and no one can be saved apart from the witness of the Spirit (John 6:44, John 15:26, and 1 John 5:7). The Spirit will remain in the world, but the agency the Spirit currently works through to restrain evil, the Church, will be removed.

The Rapture itself is likely to be the event that will catapult the Antichrist to power. This is because the Rapture will produce international chaos and panic. The Antichrist, energized by Satan (Daniel 8:24), will seem to have all the answers to the world’s problems. He will take over the European Union through skillful intrigue (Daniel 8:23) and will establish his headquarters in Rome (Revelation 17:3,9,18).

The seven year time period of the Tribulation will actually begin when the Antichrist negotiates a treaty that will bring true peace to the Middle East, enabling the Jews to rebuild their Temple (Daniel 9:27). With his European base consolidated and peace achieved in the Middle East, he will set forth to subdue the whole world.

One of the myths about the Antichrist that has developed in modern day interpretation is that the whole world will become so enamored with him that all the nations will surrender their sovereignty to him voluntarily. The Bible does not teach this. It is also contrary to common sense. Africa and Asia and Latin America have not spent a century casting off European colonialism in order to suddenly turn around and receive a European dictator with open arms.

The world will resist him, and the result will be a Third World War in which he “will destroy to an extraordinary degree” (Daniel 8:24). This war will initially result in the death of one-fourth of humanity, or 1.5 billion people in today’s terms (Revelation 6:2-8). As the Tribulation approaches its mid-point, this war will escalate into a nuclear holocaust that will result in the deaths of an additional one-third of those still alive — another 1.5 billion (Revelation 8 and 9).

It will be a empty victory because in the process of his conquest, one-third of the earth will be destroyed and half its population will be killed. He will then consolidate his “victory” by instituting a one-world economy and a one-world religion.

The key to his economic control will be a mark that each person will have to bear on their right hand or on their forehead (Revelation 13:16-18). No one will be able to buy or sell unless they have this mark. The mark will consist of “either the name of the beast or the number of his name” (Revelation 13:18).

His religious control will be exercised by a false prophet who will head up his pagan religious system (Revelation 13: 11-15). He will force all of humanity to worship the Antichrist. He will be a deceiver who will astound people with “great signs” that appear miraculous in nature. In order to consolidate this Satanic religious system, the Antichrist will launch a great persecution of all those who have placed their faith in the true God since the Rapture of the Church (Revelation 12:13-17). The result will be a mass slaughter of believers (Revelation 7:9-14).

This means that by the mid-point of the Tribulation, the Antichrist will have killed more than half of humanity (1.5 billion in the seal judgments, 1.5 billion in the trumpet judgments, and an undetermined multitude of saints.) It is no wonder that he is referred to in Scripture as “the man of lawlessness” and “the son of destruction” (2 Thessalonians 2:3).

Nor will all this slaughter satisfy his blood thirst. About the time that the Antichrist has consolidated his world empire, Satan will be cast from Heaven and will come to earth in “great wrath, knowing that he has only a short time” (Revelation 12:12). At that point he will possess the Antichrist, even as he possessed Judas (Luke 22:3).

When the Antichrist becomes Satan incarnate, he will become a megalomaniacal tyrant obsessed with two things: himself and the Jewish people.

He will suddenly march into the rebuilt Temple in Jerusalem, stop the sacrifices, blaspheme God, and declare himself to be the one and only true god (Daniel 9:27 and 2 Thessalonians 2:4). And when the Jews reject this horrible blasphemy, he will turn on them and seek to annihilate them. This will be his all-consuming passion during the second half of the Tribulation. That’s why Jesus told the Jews that this period of time would be the “great tribulation” (Matthew 24:21) — not because it would be worse than the first half, but because the wrath would be focused upon them as a nation and a people.

Satan has an insane hatred for the Jews. He hates them because they gave the world the Scriptures. He hates them because God sent the Messiah through them. And he hates them because God has promised that He will bring a great remnant of them to salvation in their Messiah. He wants to destroy them so that God cannot keep that promise.

During the second half of the Tribulation, he will almost succeed in accomplishing this goal. We are told in Zechariah 13:8-9 that two-thirds of the Jewish people will die during this holocaust (another 9.3 million people).

His Fate

The Bible indicates that as the Antichrist becomes obsessed with the Jews, he loses interest in his worldwide empire, and segments of that empire begin to revolt. The core of the revolt is centered in the Asian nations who raise an army of 200 million and send it marching across Asia toward Israel where they hope to engage the Antichrist in a decisive battle for their freedom.

Daniel says that while the Antichrist and his armies are rampaging around the Middle East, looting the nations and killing the Jews, the Antichrist suddenly hears “rumors” that “disturb him” (Daniel 11:40-44). He evidently hears about the great Asian army coming to challenge him. He responds by consolidating his forces “between the seas and the beautiful Holy Mountain” (Daniel 11: 45). This is the same area that is referred to in Revelation as the Valley of Armageddon.

We are told that the Euphrates River dries up at this time and the great Asian army crosses to engage the Antichrist and his armies in battle (Revelation 16:12). As they fight, the Lord Jesus Christ breaks from the heavens, returns to the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem, and speaks a supernatural word that causes all the armies to drop dead in their tracks. “Their eyes rot in their sockets and their tongues rot in their mouths” (Zechariah 14:12), and the valley is filled with blood up to the horses’ bridles for a distance of two hundred miles (Revelation 14:20).

Paul says the Antichrist will be slain by “the breath of the Lord” (2 Thessalonians 2:8). John says the Lord will make war against the Antichrist “with the sword of His mouth” (Revelation 2:16). Daniel says the Antichrist’s “dominion will be taken away, annihilated and destroyed forever” (Daniel 17:26). Daniel also says that the Antichrist will be thrown into “the burning fire” (Daniel 7:11).

John confirms the fate of the Antichrist in Revelation when he says that both the Antichrist and the False Prophet will be thrown into “the lake of fire which burns with brimstone” (Revelation 19:20) where “they will be tormented day and night forever and ever” (Revelation 20:10). This means that the Antichrist and the False Prophet will be the first occupants of Hell. (Satan will not be confined there until the end of the Millennium — Revelation 20:10).

Our Hope

The good news for believers is that we will not have to experience the horror of the Antichrist. We are never told to watch for the Antichrist rather, we are told to look for Jesus Christ. In 1 Thessalonians 1:10 we are assured that we who are believers are waiting for Jesus to return to “deliver us from the wrath to come.” That is a glorious promise. That’s why Paul calls the Rapture our “blessed hope” (Titus 2:13), and its also the reason that he tells us to “comfort one another” with the promise of the Rapture (1 Thessalonians 4:18).


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Is Dave Ramsey’s empire the ‘best place to work in America’? Say no and you’re out

NASHVILLE, Tenn. (RNS) — Dave Ramsey has spent the past three decades trying to build what he calls the best place to work in America.

From his headquarters south of Nashville, the evangelical Christian personal finance guru runs a media and live events empire that includes a popular national talk radio show. Tickets to workshops on topics such as “EntreLeadership”  run from $3,000 to $10,000.

Thousands of churches around the country, meanwhile, host Ramsey’s “Financial Peace University,” a 9-week program built around his principles for handling money “God’s way.”

Ramsey’s primary product, he says, is hope, often in short supply when debt mounts up. That’s something Ramsey knows firsthand. When he was in his mid-20s, Ramsey and his wife owed millions after his real estate business failed. Following advice from a church friend, they rebuilt their lives.

The people who have followed his path now make pilgrimages to perform their “Debt Free Scream” on his radio show — celebrating  that Ramsey’s methods gave them control of their lives.

But inside the company’s $42 million headquarters, which opened in 2019 in Franklin, Tennessee, Ramsey’s orchestration of what he calls a “predictable and reliable and safe and godly” company has been under stress from COVID-19, and Ramsey’s demands for unquestioning loyalty.

Ramsey’s intolerance for dissent has created what former employees call a cultlike environment, where leaders proclaim their love for staff and then fire people at a moment’s notice.

Ramsey Solutions, former employees and their spouses say, is run more like a church than a business. A review of court documents, company emails and recordings of staff meetings backs up these sources’ claims that company leaders attempt to exert control over employees’ personal lives.

At a staff meeting in July, Ramsey railed at his staff after an employee sued Ramsey Solutions for firing her for having premarital sex, which is against company policy, and said he would pay the price to protect what he had built out of love for his employees.

“I am sick of dealing with all this stuff,” Ramsey bellowed, according to a recording obtained by Religion News Service. “I’m so tired of being falsely accused of being a jerk when all I’m doing is trying to help people stay in line.”

In this July 29, 2009, file photo, financial guru Dave Ramsey sits in his broadcasting studio in Brentwood, Tenn. Ramsey Solutions later moved to a new corporate headquarters in Franklin. (AP Photo/Josh Anderson, File)

In a sarcastic email responding to a request for comment on this story, Ramsey Solutions wrote, “We want to confirm for you that you are right, we are horrible evil people.”

In a follow-up email, the company said that it contests many of “the facts, details and conclusions” of Religion News Service’s reporting,” without specifying their objections. The company also declined to comment on pending litigation. (The entire statement can be found here.)

Religion News Service’s request for comment was also emailed to all the staff at the company and to local pastors. Many of them emailed or called, either to tell how Ramsey’s teaching had changed their lives and their passion to change the “toxic money culture.”

Former employees also described Ramsey as a great place to work, at least at first. 

In the spring of 2020, Heather Fulk’s husband, Jon, was working as a developer for Ramsey Solutions, a job that offered great co-workers and a family-friendly schedule. The company’s mission, too, was something Jon could believe in, his wife said.

Heather was more skeptical. For one thing, there was the spousal interview. In his 2011 book “EntreLeadership,” Ramsey recommends that companies vet spouses to make sure their hire is not “married to crazy.”

“When hiring someone, you are employing more than just the person,” his website advises. “You’re taking on the whole family. And when they are married to someone who is domineering, unstable or simply full of drama, you’ll end up with a team member who can’t be creative, productive or excellent.”

Heather Fulk balked: She didn’t want to work for Ramsey, her husband did. She had no desire to risk being labeled a “crazy spouse” or to cost her husband a job. But after Jon got the position, Heather said, the company had little impact on their personal life, except for their feeling that they had to keep her credit card a secret — consumer debt is a Ramsey no-no.  

From the beginning, Ramsey downplayed the virus. His March 2, 2020 radio show began with a long rant against the news media, who, he said, were overstating the threat.

“You would think that the black plague was coming through the U.S., listening to people whine,” he told his audience. “You guys have lost your mind out there.”

He went on to say that the virus only affected the weak and infirm and that everyone else should get on with business as usual. He vowed to keep the company’s live events rolling, warning there would be no refunds.

“We have people calling in, they are wanting to cancel stuff for a live event in May — let me tell you how much of your money I am going to give you back if you don’t come for the coronavirus in May,” he said. “ZERO. I am keeping your money. You are a wuss.”

Plugging a “Live Like No One Else” cruise, scheduled for late March, Ramsey said he would go on the cruise, even if he was there “by my freaking self.” The cruise was later canceled.

Staffers, who are called “team members,” heard the same message. Don’t freak out. Trust company leaders to make wise decisions. Remember, the company existed to give people hope even in hard times.

“You are ok,” Ramsey said in an all-staff email published by the Nashville Scene in March after a company employee tested positive for COVID-19. “Ramsey is ok. This will soon be a memory.”

Within a few days, a second team member tested positive. Headquarters was shut down on March 20. Although the work-from-home experiment went well, the company’s leaders soon decided that Ramsey was not a work-from-home employer.

On May 4, the company’s offices reopened and, despite at least 100 positive cases in the subsequent seven months, have remained open since. Work continued on a $50 million addition to the company headquarters, which would house an additional 600 employees. 

Heather Fulk. Courtesy photo

Ramsey’s return to in-person work frustrated Heather Fulk. She has asthma, which puts her at higher risk if infected with COVID-19. After learning employees were being called back to headquarters, she made what she thought was an innocuous comment in a private Facebook post.

“Jon’s company wants to bring all 900 employees back asap when a majority can do their work from home,” she wrote on April 20. “I do *not* understand how people don’t see we are setting ourselves up for a huge second wave. Ugh, people make me so angry.”

Before long, Jon got a call from his supervisor who said a co-worker had reported Heather’s comment. They had a screenshot of the post, sent by the co-worker’s spouse.

A few weeks later, Jon was fired. In his exit interview, Armando Lopez, head of human resources at Ramsey, confirmed that the cause was his wife’s social media comment, according to a recording of the meeting.

“There is definitely a line in the sand that we have drawn, for good or for bad,” Lopez is heard saying on the recording. “But it is a definite point that we are making.”

Ramsey Solutions offered $18,000 in severance, provided the Fulks would sign a nondisclosure agreement and agree never to make any negative comments about Ramsey.

The couple refused, forfeiting the severance. The company later claimed in a cease-and-desist letter that Ramsey policies that Jon signed at his hiring required him to keep details about Ramsey confidential.

Heather said that turning down the money was the right thing to do, despite their having to rely on friends who bought groceries and gave them money to pay their bills — a sign, she said, that God was looking out for them.

“I didn’t want to live under the fear of if I say something,” she said. “Dave is watching, you know. And he is. He’s always watching. I just didn’t want to live under that cloud.” 

In mid-May, someone at Ramsey Solutions   filed an anonymous complaint with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration alleging that the company was not doing enough to prevent the spread of COVID-19, according to a record of the complaint in OSHA’s database.

That led to an angry tirade from Ramsey during a staff meeting last May. After ranting about how the pandemic was affecting his golf game, he said the company had told OSHA it was not going to do anything in response to the complaint. 

“So whoever you are, you moron, you did absolutely no good, except piss me off,” he told staff. “You are not welcome here if you are willing to do stuff like that. If you are really scared and you really think that leadership is trying to kill you … please, we love you. Just leave. We really don’t want you here.”

He warned employees not to contact anyone outside the building with their concerns.

“If you really think the people here are evil, bad people and you think that you can effect change by reaching outside of here, you are wrong,” he said. “And you are not welcome.”

Against the recommendation of his board not to address the OSHA complaint, Ramsey said he felt duty-bound to talk about it, because “I love this place and I really don’t want any morons here.” If he found out the person’s identity, he continued, “I will fire you instantaneously for your lack of loyalty, your lack of class, and the fact that you are a moron and you snuck through our hiring process,” he said.

Then he went on to tell employees how much he loved them and how Ramsey Solutions was still the best workplace in the world.

Rachel Self did not buy it.

A former user-experience designer at Ramsey, Self said Jon Fulk’s firing was a sign that something was wrong at the company. “That was proof to me that they meant what they said about some of these threats,” she said. “He was just gone.”

Self, who grew up in a Southern, evangelical home where her mom was a big Ramsey fan, said she had heard there had been issues at the company, but, like the Fulks, she liked the stable work environment and the company’s mission.

It was a chance, she said, to do something bigger than “just making a product people don’t need.” Besides, she said, “People were just kind. Exceedingly, glowing, Christian kind.”

Hired in January 2020, she was trained in the company’s 14 core values, which include having a “self-employed” mentality, never giving up and working “as unto the Lord.”

Co-workers asked her about her “Dave story”: a tale about how Ramsey had changed their life.

“It was like asking, ‘How did you meet Jesus?’” she said.

Returning to the office during the pandemic, however, Self became uncomfortable with the level of risk. People would lean over her desk to talk with her without masks, paying no heed to social distancing. Wearing a mask in the office, she said, was seen as a sign of distrust in the company’s leaders.

She doesn’t blame Ramsey alone. “A lot of Christians these days think COVID is not real,” she said. “I think that’s the underpinning problem.”

Amy Fritz, a Christian writer from Spring Hill, Tennessee, whose husband, Nathan, worked for Ramsey from 2012 to 2019, said that long-term staffers learn to dismiss his rants as just Dave being Dave. They love the work and keep their heads down.

“I think you sort of get inoculated to it,” Amy said.

It isn’t the Dave Ramsey she expected. Having read his EntreLeadership book, she said, “I thought, wow, here is a Christian businessman who works at a for-profit that’s about Jesus,” she said. “Wouldn’t it be amazing to be part of that?”

During the interview process, Fritz said she was asked about the company’s famous gossip policy. Ramsey often described gossip as “when you discuss a negative with anyone who can’t solve the problem.” He is ruthless in rooting it out.

 “We will not have it. I will fire your butt for this,” he boasted at a 2017 leadership event.

When the interviewer asked what she would do if her husband came home frustrated after work, Fritz said she would tell him to “talk to your leader.” At the time, Fritz said, she believed it.

While Nathan finished his interview, a member of the “Lampo Ladies,” a group of employee spouses, gave her a tour of Nashville. (Until a company rebrand in 2014, Ramsey Solutions was known as the Lampo Group.) 

Her husband was offered the job but first the couple would have to submit a budget to show that they could live on the salary Ramsey offered.

It was a stretch, said Fritz, but the couple made it work. And the excitement of going to work for Ramsey overwhelmed any concerns they had.

“We felt like we were chosen,” she said.

After they moved, Nathan’s new co-workers showed up to help unload the couple’s moving van. The next day, more Lampo Ladies showed to unpack boxes and set up their home. For years, Fritz did the same for other new employees.

 “They just provided this awesome sense of community,” said Fritz, who would eventually serve as a volunteer administrator for the Lampo Ladies Facebook group and encouraged wives of employees to join. “Nathan felt like he was going to Disneyworld every day.”

Doubts about the company began to creep in only after a 2014 incident that came to be known as “Twittergate.” After several anonymous Twitter accounts began to make fun of the company culture, the Daily Beast reported at the time, Dave Ramsey offered bounties during a staff meeting for anyone who would identify the tweeters.

The Daily Beast also reported that in 2011, Ramsey pulled out a gun to make a point about how much he hated gossip — a detail that a company official would later confirm in a deposition. Since that time, Ramsey has boasted to staff about carrying a gun at all times.

Fritz defended the company during Twittergate.

“Kind of bummed to see you tweet in support of an untrue hit piece. My husband works at Lampo. So, we actually know the truth,” she tweeted after the Daily Beast piece. The possibility that something was wrong at Ramsey, she told RNS, was too “horrible to consider.”

But she remembers thinking, “I don’t want people to see Dave’s character.” She also began to worry about the company’s merging of Christian mission and business opportunism. “When you mix faith, Christianity, and business, it can sometimes feel icky,” she said.

Some employees question how much of the culture at Ramsey Solutions is driven by Christianity and how much by a pursuit of profit.

In November 2018, as the company was gearing up for a multimillion-dollar book launch for Ramsey radio host Chris Hogan’s “Everyday Millionaires,” Hogan’s wife, Melissa, came to Ramsey leadership with allegations that Chris had been unfaithful to her.

The husband of a woman Chris had an affair with had begun to comment on Chris’ Twitter feed, responding to his tweets with Bible verses about adultery. Melissa Hogan believed that the allegations against her husband would become public.

Melissa told RNS in an email that she went to see Ramsey to discuss what to do. The company, she said, had been supportive of her and her husband after their youngest son was diagnosed with a rare disease. She also knew, given Ramsey’s outspoken stand against adultery, that coming forward could cost Chris his job and was concerned about the couple’s future. 

“If their spouse can’t trust them, neither can I,” Ramsey wrote in “EntreLeadership,” and the company has been willing to defend its code of conduct in court.  

In July 2020, Caitlin O’Connor, a former Ramsey Solutions employee, sued the company, claiming she had been fired after requesting maternity leave in the summer of 2020. According to the lawsuit, O’Connor emailed Lopez, the human resources chief, on June 18, 2020, asking for accommodations under the federal Family and Medical Leave Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act because she was 12 weeks pregnant. & # 160

A week later, after meeting with two members of Ramsey’s operating board, O’Connor was fired for being pregnant and not married, according to the lawsuit. Board members and Lopez told her it was because she had violated the company’s code of conduct.

The lawsuit claims the company’s “righteous living” core value “discriminates against employees who do not strictly adhere to Ramsey’s interpretation of ‘Judeo-Christian’ values for non-work related behavior.”

Ramsey’s lawyers denied any discrimination. “Defendant admits that Plaintiff’s employment was terminated because she engaged in premarital sex,” which the company’s court filings said is a violation of its core values. & # 160

The day after news of the lawsuit broke, Ramsey defended the company’s policies during the company’s regular Wednesday “devo” meeting, a mandatory all-company chapel service.

Ramsey told employees that the policies were necessary to maintain a predictable, safe and “godly” culture. Without them, he said, Ramsey would be just like any other company, a “cesspool” of sex and racism and #MeToo complaints. Sex outside of marriage is wrong, he told employees, according to a recording obtained by RNS.

“Don’t talk to me about how you love your pastor and your church. And I just moved in with my boyfriend,” he said. “That’s so freaking inconsistent and stupid.”

People who disagree with company policies should leave, he said, because the company would not sanction “misbehavior.”

“And if you don’t like that, this is your cue,” he said. “Don’t let the door hit you in the ass.”

Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, secular employers, especially larger ones, are generally barred from discriminating on the basis of religion and other factors. Federal law also bars discrimination on the basis of pregnancy. 

But at-will employment states such as Tennessee permit employers to fire employees for almost any reason, said Holly Hollman, general counsel and associate executive director of the Baptist Joint Committee for Religious Liberty. Many companies have codes of conduct that bar behaviors also frowned on by religious groups.

Still, she said, there is a difference between a secular employer and a faith-based one. Secular employers like Ramsey, she said, are not exempt from Title VII, even if their owners are religious. A Christian boss such as Ramsey can’t require employees to share his beliefs or practice Christianity the way he does.

In 2014, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the owners of Hobby Lobby, who claimed their Christian faith prohibited them from paying for certain kinds of contraceptives. But that was a narrow ruling and very case-specific, said Hollman.

“There is no religious exemption under Title VII based on the piety of the owners,” she said.

Stuart Lark, a Colorado Springs attorney who advises nonprofits on personnel issues and religious accommodations, said that in recent years, the courts have supported the religious exercise rights of commercial employers.

“The U.S. Supreme Court has expressly held that employers do not forfeit their religious exercise rights when they enter the commercial marketplace,” said Lark. He thinks that for-profit companies whose owners have strong religious beliefs may be exempt from Title VII in some cases.

“It’s still an open question, and the answer may depend on whether the employer can establish that its activities and policies exercise or express its religious beliefs.” he said.

On his leadership blog, Ramsey has defended his rights to enforce a moral code and to fire people for things like extramarital affairs. “I’ve got a right to tell my employees whatever I want to tell them,” he wrote. “They freaking work for me.”

People attend a worship service entitled “Watch the Darkness Flee,” Thursday, Jan. 14, 2021, at Ramsey Solutions headquarters in Franklin, Tennessee. RNS photo by Bob Smietana

After RNS asked to interview Ramsey and Hogan and to request comment for this story, the company invited a reporter to attend a worship service entitled “Watch the Darkness Flee” at the company’s headquarters, where hundreds of team members gather in the building’s atrium to sing worship songs. Almost no one wore a mask. There was little social distancing. 

“Ramsey, may we be those who trust him even in the day of trouble, because we know he is good,” one of the worship leaders said as the service drew to a close.

In the end, Ramsey did not fire Hogan. Instead, after a meeting that included the Hogans, leaders from their church and other members of the company’s board, the company set up a “restoration plan” for the couple’s marriage that would allow the book tour to go forward. After the tour, Chris would take time off to work on the couple’s marriage.

Melissa Hogan said she agreed with the plan at first but then became concerned at the level of control that Ramsey’s leadership wanted.

“In essence, as part of that process, we were to waive confidentiality with our therapists in order for them to report to Ramsey Solutions’ leaders,” she said in her email. “I now recognize that to be unhealthy, controlling, spiritually manipulative, and deeply wounding.”

According to emails obtained by RNS, the leadership at Ramsey offered to pay for marriage counseling, with “regular and full reports” from the counselor to Ramsey leadership. Dave also asked two of his colleagues to work with the pastor and elders at the church the Hogans attended to get reports on the couple.

 When Melissa Hogan disagreed with parts of the Ramsey restoration plan, she was told that she “lacked hope for her marriage’s future” and lacked faith in the company’s wisdom. She was eventually barred from her husband’s book tour.

“During a process that was supposed to help restore our marriage, Ramsey Solutions’ board members attempted to manipulate and control me through emails and phone calls,” she said in her email. “They characterized their plan as aligning with the Holy Spirit and suggested that things would not ‘end well’ if I made choices to support healing in my marriage and family that either were not directed by them or decisions that they did not approve.”

Ramsey officials justified their approach by saying that working for the company was a “ministry and a mission,” and her husband had a “calling on his life.”

After the Hogans filed for divorce, Ramsey told employees in a May 2019 all-staff meeting that Chris Hogan was going through what Ramsey characterized as a “really nasty divorce” and that Melissa had shown up unannounced at his office to make angry and untrue allegations about her then-husband.

“Suffice to say, there are no angels on this story,“ he said.

Ramsey said that some staff had already begun to believe rumors that the leadership was somehow covering up misconduct on Chris Hogan’s part. Leadership, on the other hand, had put “rumor and innuendo aside” and focused on fact, he said.

“Looking at it, it was messy but there weren’t clear lines. And we said, OK, not because we are taking up for Chris because he’s getting ready to go on book tour but because there was not a clear line,” Ramsey told his employees at the staff meeting. “If there was a clear line, we would have taken the hit and canceled the book tour. But there wasn’t. And Chris wouldn’t be here anymore.”

Documents in the Hogans’ divorce filing tell a different story.

According to documents related to the divorce proceeding obtained by RNS, Chris Hogan admitted in March 2019 that he had committed adultery with multiple women during his marriage, including affairs with a former Ramsey co-worker and one of his wife’s relatives that lasted more than a year.

He admitted lying to his employer about the affair with the co-worker and about his relationships with “one or more women.” Hogan also admitted having oral sex, “sensual touching” and “sensual kissing” with one or more women during his marriage.

Melissa Hogan said she provided a statement to RNS because she disputed Ramsey’s retelling of her interactions with company leaders.

& # 8220Durante sus comentarios en la reunión de personal de mayo de 2019, Dave Ramsey también describió públicamente erróneamente mis acciones durante el proceso subsiguiente como implicando ira, hipérbole y drama, & # 8221, dijo. & # 8220El hecho es que les expresé repetidamente mi apoyo y preocupación por mi esposo, mi matrimonio, nuestro testimonio como creyentes y la verdad. & # 8221

Ella agregó: & # 8220El trauma que experimenté de mis interacciones con Ramsey Solutions & # 8217 fue significativo, dada su imagen pública y sus comunicaciones conflictivas y controladoras conmigo. & # 8221

Chris Hogan no respondió a una solicitud de comentarios.

En la reunión de personal de mayo de 2019, Ramsey les dijo a sus empleados: & # 8220Si están preocupados por nuestra integridad en el liderazgo y estamos encubriendo a (Hogan) porque es una gran marca, la respuesta es no. No. & # 8221

Sin embargo, para el esposo de Fritz, el manejo por parte de la compañía de la situación de Hogan fue la gota que colmó el vaso, dijo su esposa a RNS. Durante años, los líderes de la empresa habían despedido a miembros del equipo por violar el código de conducta, incluso por delitos menores. Ahora, dijo Fritz, las reglas no parecían aplicarse.

El esposo de Fritz y varios de sus colegas finalmente renunciaron a la situación. & # 8220Dios ha usado esta organización para hacer cosas maravillosas y traer esperanza a muchos, & # 8221 Fritz dijo en una publicación de blog ahora eliminada después de que su esposo se fue. & # 8220 Nos rompió el corazón ver algo de la podredumbre detrás de la cortina y que parecía llegar hasta arriba. & # 8221

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